AskDefine | Define materials

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Extensive Definition

Materials are physical substances used as inputs to production or manufacturing. Raw materials are first extracted or harvested from the earth and divided into a form that can be easily transported and stored, then processed to produce semi-finished materials. These can be input into a new cycle of production and finishing processes to create finished materials, ready for distribution and consumption.
An example of a raw material is cotton, which can be processed into thread, which can then be woven into cloth, a semi-finished material. Cutting and sewing the fabric turns it into a garment, which is a finished material. Steelmaking is another example—raw materials are mined, refined and processed into steel, a semi-finished material. Steel is then used as an input in many other industries to make finished products.
materials in Catalan: Material
materials in Danish: Materiale
materials in German: Material
materials in Estonian: Materjal
materials in Spanish: Material
materials in French: Matériau
materials in Indonesian: Bahan
materials in Icelandic: Efni
materials in Italian: Materiale
materials in Lithuanian: Medžiaga (apskaita)
materials in Dutch: Materiaal
materials in Norwegian: Materiale
materials in Polish: Materiał
materials in Simple English: Material
materials in Slovenian: Material
materials in Finnish: Materiaali
materials in Swedish: Material
materials in Thai: วัสดุ
materials in Vietnamese: Vật liệu
materials in Ukrainian: Матеріал
materials in Yiddish: שטאף
materials in Chinese: 材料
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